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Beginner Guide to Create Aquarium for Freshwater Fish

 

Description: this guide will help you to create an aquarium at home for common freshwater species.

 

Having an aquarium at home is great to create a relaxing atmosphere. Many freshwater fish species are colorful and perfect for beginner owners. If you are a beginner who wants to create an aquarium, you need to prepare more than just a tank and pebbles. This guide will help you to create a standard 55-gallon freshwater aquarium at home.

 

Things to Prepare

Here are important things you must have before putting the fish in:

 

  • Basic aquarium structure

This includes the aquarium itself, canopy, and stand. Don’t forget the versa-top, which is useful to keep the fish from jumping out and prevent evaporation.

 

  • Temperature equipment

It includes a submersible heater (three to five watts per gallon of water) and vertical thermometer. They are important if your fish are sensitive to temperature changes.

 

  • Water treatment products

They include a filter, chlorine neutralizer (around 16 oz or 474 ml), and a water test kit. The test kit is useful to check the pH and chemical level, especially if your water tends to be acidic or alkaline.

 

  • Natural driftwoods

Natural driftwoods are great for fish habitat, but you must soak them for one to two weeks before placing them in the water. It is to prevent water discoloration and tannic acid contamination.

 

  • Aquatic plants

Aquatic plants provide hiding and nesting places, help with water filtration, and make fish healthier. Common aquatic plants for beginner aquarium include Java moss, Pygmy Chain Swords, Anubias, ruffle plants, hornwort, dwarf lilies, and Ludwigia plants.

 

You must also buy gravel for freshwater. Many products contain bacteria commonly found in river or pond. They can encourage aquatic cycle and help fish adapt.

 

Tips to Install New Aquarium

Here are several tips to successfully install a beginner aquarium:

 

  • Make sure the water is “right.”

Your aquarium water must be free from chlorine, nitrate, and other chemicals. Test it first before pouring it in and add chlorine neutralizer. Make sure the temperature is perfect for your fish.

 

  • Wash everything before putting them in

Whether you want to place gravel, aquatic plants, or driftwoods, don’t forget to wash them all clean.

 

  • Acclimate the fish

Acclimating the fish is important to prevent shock from the new environment. You can do it by holding the plastic fish bag in the aquarium water. Pour the bag water slightly into the aquarium and replace it with aquarium water. Do it every five minutes until you replace all the bag water.

 

Finally, pick the right fish for your first aquarium. To create an aquarium with a balanced population, start with three algae eaters, three bottom dwellers, and five or six gentle community fish, such as angelfish, rainbow fish, barbs, and tetras.

 

References:

https://aquariumadviser.com/10-best-plants-for-freshwater-aquarium/

https://www.liveaquaria.com /article/172/?aid=172

https://www.wikihow.com /Acclimate-a-Fish