Description: various types of goldfish have diverse shapes, colors, and characteristics. Learn some of the most common ones here.
Common goldfish (Carassius auratus) is not the only popular species of these carp descendants. There are many types of goldfish with unique colors and shapes, perfect for fish owners with different preferences. Generally, they are divided into two groups: the common slim ones and fancy “egg” types. Here are several common types from both groups.
Originated from the US, Comet goldfish are similar to the common ones. However, their fins are longer, and their tails have deeper slits that move elegantly. Their behaviors are like the common ones, and they are easy to find. Their colors range from white-yellow to orange and deep red. Comets are sturdy fish that can grow to 14 inches long.
Another common slim types, Shubunkin goldfish are famous for their calico patterns. Their fins are wider than the common ones, and their tails are forked but not as deep as the Comets. They are also resilient and can grow to 12 inches long.
Frank Fantails are the most common egg-shaped goldfish. Their forked tails consist of three to four parts, creating elegant “fans” that move gently in the water. Frank Fantails are so resilient that they can live in a garden pond, despite the “fancy” look. They usually grow to eight inches long at most. Typical colors include orange, orange-white, and calico.
Ryukin goldfish have really prominent, bulbous bodies. Their heads are pointy, with small humps. These fish are aggressive, known for attacking other goldfish species when they are hungry or feeling territorial. Ryukin goldfish grow to nine inches long at most, and their unique looks make them favorites among fish owners.
Oranda goldfish are famous for their head growths (“wen”), which create a bulbous head appearance. The growths can even reach their cheeks, creating unique look. Oranda goldfish have wide, fan-like tails with shallow forks. They can grow to 12 inches long, and very resilient despite the look. Their colors range from orange to calico and deep red.
Bubble Eyes also have growths like Oranda, but the bulbs are located under both of their eyes. Despite their popularity among egg-shaped fish owners, Bubble Eyes are more vulnerable than Oranda. This is because their undereye bulbs can actually pop when hit by sharp objects. Bubble Eyes only grow to six inches at most. Their colors usually range from orange to calico and black.
These types of goldfish are only the most common ones. There are rarer and more unique species for more experienced fish owners. Whichever you choose, make sure to understand the maintenance steps to keep them happy.