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Common Types of Shrimp Feed for Farming




Description: shrimp feed for farming may consist of fishmeal, soybean meal, and nutritious pellets. Here are the common types.


Among many components in shrimp farming, shrimp feed is the one that causes substantial spending. Many people misunderstand the way shrimps eat, thinking that they swallow like fish. Shrimps actually eat by holding food particle with a pair of mandibles, before chewing and swallowing it. This habit requires nutrition-packed foods that are shaped like pellets (rather than crumbs) to ensure uniformed growth.

Ideal foods for shrimps must contain vitamins, minerals, amino acids, protein, and carbohydrates. They are important to support shrimp’s growth and production. Here are several common feed types to give.


1. Fishmeal

Fishmeal is a common food in shrimp farms that serve high demands. Fishmeal contains a high amount of vitamin B, fatty acids, and protein. Fishmeal is ideal for growing shrimps, ensuring high production level. Premium fishmeal is preferred in high-yield shrimp farms. However, farmers must store the stock properly, or it will become rancid due to lipid oxidation.



2. Soybean Meal

A plant-based alternative of fishmeal, soybean meal contains all the most important amino acids. It encourages healthy grow for shrimps and prawns. Soybean meal is either made by hulled or dehulled beans. It is a great meal for marine shrimps.



3. High-gluten Wheat

High-gluten wheat is a “binder” ingredient in making shrimp feed pellets because ideal pellet should have 20 percent starch. Pellets must contain starch to keep their forms stable in the water, regarding of how shrimps eat. However, wheat also contains carbohydrates important for shrimp growth.



4.“Live Feed” Pellets

Live feed is the most ideal for shrimps. However, it can be expensive and troublesome for small-scale farmers. Some modern pellet products mimic the characteristics and nutrition of live feed. Each pellet may contain ingredients such as krill, fish roe, micro-algae, and fishmeal or squid meal. The feed’s water stability, buoyancy, flavor, and nutrients ensure the same result with the actual live feed.

When given the right foods, shrimps usually devour them 20 to 30 minutes after feeding. The nutrition in shrimp feed will encourage healthy growth and abundant production.