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Types of Ponds for the Cultivation of Carps

 

Description: the pond carp (Cyprinus carpio) requires ideal pond construction and different types to accommodate growths.

 

If you decide to keep the pond carp (Cyprinus carpio), get ready to build several ponds with ideal habitat condition. Farmers who want to grow the fish need several ponds to accommodate them, from breeding to “nursing” period, until they are ready to be harvested. Understand what you must build before deciding to breed your own common carps.

 

Main Carp Pond Requirements

The main pond is the place for adult carps after they are big enough to leave nursery pond. This pond must be at around 1.2 to 1.5 meters of depth, with a muddy bottom. If you don't cover the sides of the pond with concrete, turn the bottom soil to make the water "fertile". The standard size for carp pond is 6 x 8 or 5 x 10 meters, but the most ideal way is to consider the numbers of your carps first.

 

Ideally, you should make two of this pond, one for male and female. Also called “broodfish ponds”, these main ponds are used to keep mature fish until they are ready to be spawned. You can scoop male and female fish and put them in the breeding pond to mate. Afterward, you can return them to the main ponds. 

 

Additional Ponds for Carp Farming

There are two types of ponds to make for carp farming: breeding pond and nursery pond. Here are the explanations:

 

  • Breeding pond

This pond is used to breed carps by putting male and female fish together. Depending on the pond type used in your area, this pond can have a wide net, floating palm leaves, or aquatic weeds. These objects are used by female carps to lay their eggs, and you can easily move them to the nursery pond.

 

  • Nursery pond

This pond is used to keep the newly-hatched fish until they reach enough size to be moved to the regular pond. Nursery pond must be protected from predators that eat small fish (or you can switch to nursing tanks for extra protection). Make sure the pond has around 200 to 400 fry ratios for every square meter. You must also provide nutritious feeds such as Daphnia, Moina, meat meal, soybean meal, or rice bran.

 

There are several types of ponds that you can use, but it is best to follow the most common type that is used by local fish breeders/farmers in your area. You may have ponds with a concrete layer, regular ground pound, or ground pound with the net layer. Also, building the pond carp (Cyprinus carpio) with the proper condition is also important to breed healthy carps.

 

References:

http://www.fao.org/fishery/affris /species-profiles/common-carp/common-carp-home/en/

https://thefishsite.com/articles/ production-methods-for-the-common-carp